About Adelaide

A little history

View of King William St - Photo courtesy State Libray of SA

It was explorer Charles Sturt who first had the notion that the site of present day Adelaide would be a great spot for settlement. Sturt had followed the Murray River from the upper reaches of the Darling-Murrumbidgee river systems to the coast of South Australia. In his report he wrote “A spot has been found on the south coast of New Holland to which the colonist might venture with every chance of success, and in whose valleys the exile might hope tot build for himself and his family a peaceful and prosperous home.”

The aim was to establish an English colony – wealthy and prosperous – based on new principles. Wakefield thought that the crown should sell land at cheap prices and then use the money to assist migration. This was very unlike what happened in the Eastern regions of the new colony. Land there was expensive meaning only the rich we able to afford land.

Mr Robert Gouger was an early enthusiast for colonization on the Adelaide plain. In 1834 he formed the South Australian Association and in that same year royal permission was obtained to establish a colony.


Adelaide is centred on the Adelaide Plains between the Mount Lofty ranges and the Spencer Gulf. It’s a largely flat plain that stretches over 90kms from the southern suburb of Sellicks Beach to the satellite town of Gawler (recognised as the gateway to the Barossa Valley wine region) in the north.

The Western suburbs skirt the beautiful beaches with white sand and safe swimming conditions. In the east the suburbs gently rise to the foot of the Mount Lofty Ranges.


The climate is “Mediterranean” – dry hot summers and temperate winters. Adelaide has the lowest rainfall of any Australian capital city.

Adelaide Long Term Averages